Travel to the EU

Travel to the EU

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Since December 2010, BiH citizens holding biometric passports are able to travel without a visa to all the countries within the Schengen Area as well as Bulgaria, Romania, Cyprus and Croatia. Those who have not yet changed their non-biometric BiH passport to a biometric passport will need a visa. If you are need to apply for a visa for any reason, please contact the relevant consular office for the EU Member State that you wish to travel to.

If you are in need to apply for a visa for any reason, please contact the relevant consular office for the EU Member State that you wish to travel to.

For further information related to the visa free regime, see the websites of the BiH Ministry of Security (http://www.msb.gov.ba/Language.aspx) and BiH Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (http://www.mvp.gov.ba/).

To get comprehensive information about travelling in and across Europe, see the publication Travelling in Europe 2013-14.(http://www.delbih.ec.europa.eu/documents/delegacijaEU_2014011421233190bos.pdf)

Travel documents

EU nationals

Passport or ID card

There are no border checks between 22 European Union Member States due to the ‘Schengen’ regulations incorporated in the EU body of laws. These regulations abolish all the internal border controls, and set efficient border controls outside the EU and introduce common visa policy. The Schengen Area encompasses most EU States, except for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom. Therefore, EU nationals are required to present a valid passport or ID card when travelling to those five countries. Of non-EU States, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein have joined the Schengen Area.

When entering and exiting the EU at the external border crossings they are required to present a valid passport or ID card.  It is still always highly recommended to take a passport or ID card with you, so you can prove your identity if needed. In the event a threat to public policy or national security has been identified, EU Member States are permitted to reintroduce temporary border controls. Agreements with Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland enable the citizens of these countries to be treated in the same way as EU citizens and to travel with just an ID card or a passport within the EU.

Non-EU nationals

  • Valid passport
  • Visa
  • There are 36 non-EU countries whose nationals do not need a visa to visit the EU for three months or less. The list of countries whose nationals require visas to travel to the United Kingdom or Ireland differs slightly from other EU countries. If in doubt, check with the nearest consulate of any EU country.

EURO

The euro is the legal currency for around 329 million people in 18 EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. The euro is not used in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Sweden and the UK. The eight countries that joined the EU in 2004 have committed to adopting the euro once they are ready.

Euro symbol – €. The euro banknotes are identical in all states, yet each state issues its own coins having the same designation and layout on one side, and the other side displaying their national landmark. All the banknotes and coins can be used in all EU Member States which adopted the euro, including many of their overseas entities, such as the Azores, the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Madeira, Martinique, Mayotte, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Monaco, San Marino and the Holy See have adopted the euro as their national currency, which entitles them  to issue a certain number of the euro coins with their national landmarks. A number of states and territories use the euro as their currency de facto, such as Andorra, Kosovo and Montenegro.

In European countries outside the Eurozone, many hotels, shops and restaurants, particularly in tourist areas, accept payment in the euro as the national currency, although they are not legally obliged to do so.

When driving

Some countries, in addition to a valid driving licence, require carrying a registration card.

While travelling in the EU, your car insurance policy will automatically provide the minimum (third party liability) prescribed by law. This applies to Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland. Should you have the comprehensive insurance at home, make sure it covers trips to other countries as well.

The green card is not obligatory when traveling within the EU, but it serves as an internationally recognized proof of insurance and makes it easier to settle claims arising from accidents. If you do not carry the green card with you, you should carry your insurance certificate.

Your insurer can give you a European Accident Statement,a standard form which helps you get an agreed statement of facts at the scene of the accident.

In all EU countries, seat belts must be worn in all vehicles, including tourist vehicles and minibuses. Children must also have appropriate seats in cars and trucks, and where possible, in other vehicles as well.

Using a mobile phone when driving greatly increases the risk of accidents and it is either explicitly or implicitly forbidden in all EU countries.

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level varies between 0.2 mg / ml and 0.8 mg / ml although some countries do not allow blood alcohol level at all while driving.

Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and the United Kingdom are the only EU countries which still drive on the left side of the road, and in some countries, such as Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal, you usually have to give way to the traffic coming from your right.

Electricity

The whole Europe has 220-240 V, 50 cycle-alternating current. Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and the United Kingdom have three-pole switches, but, in general, all other EU countries have double-pole switches. This can vary, but it would be possible to use appliances, like hair dryers and shavers, anywhere. Adapters can usually be bought in airports and tourist resorts.

There is also a great choice of things to do and see in Europe. For ideas and information on all countries, visit www.visiteurope.com or official national tourist organizations of each EU country.